How to write a university essay?

10 May 2024

In the world of college education, essays are the key to assessing students’ knowledge and skills. For this reason, it is essential to know how to write a university essay, not only to acquire knowledge and pass evaluations in higher studies, such as the Master in Applied Research in Design, but also because it represents a fundamental skill in academic and professional life. In this article, we’ll explore step-by-step how to write a university essay, taking into account its definition, essay types, its structure, and the parts of an essay.

What is an essay?

The academic essay is a form of written expression that is not limited to conveying information; it is an opportunity to explore ideas, argue points of view, and develop critical analysis skills. As a measure of academic assessment, the essay allows students to demonstrate their understanding of the topic, their ability to investigate, and their ability to communicate ideas effectively. For this reason, it is important to know what is a university essay and to know the various types of essays that exist, each with its own characteristics and purposes. Among the most common are:

  • Descriptive: This type of essay focuses on the objective description of a topic, place, person, or event, to create a vivid picture in the reader’s mind.
  • Argumentative: In the argumentative essay, the author presents a thesis or point of view on a specific topic and lays out a series of logical reasons and examples to support their position and persuade the reader.
  • Critical: The critical essay involves analyzing and evaluating a topic, work of art, text, or other form of expression, offering an informed opinion about it.
  • Personal: In the personal essay, the author shares their experiences, opinions, and reflections on a particular topic, using their own voice and point of view to enrich the narrative.

These different types of essays address a wide range of issues and themes, adapting to the demands and needs of each educational plan. Whether exploring abstract concepts in a philosophical essay or analyzing literary works in a literary essay, these types of texts offer students the opportunity to deepen their understanding of the world around them and develop intellectual and critical analysis skills.

How to make a good university essay?

When writing a university essay, there are several factors that need to be taken into account. Before you start writing, it’s critical to have a clear and in-depth understanding of the topic you’re going to address. To do this, it will be necessary to research and familiarize yourself with various perspectives and arguments related to the topic. Once the research is complete, it will be necessary to structure the essay coherently and present strong and convincing arguments that support the essay thesis. In addition, it is also necessary to come up with original and creative ideas that offer new perspectives on the topic. Finally, the style in which the essay is presented is also important. It needs to be clear, concise, and academic, paying attention to grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Structure of an essay

To know how to write a good university essay, it is also important to know the structure that we will follow when writing it. The structure of an essay consists of three main parts: introduction, development, and conclusion. In the first part, the topic is presented, and the main thesis or argument is established. Development serves to present and argue ideas, dedicating each paragraph to a specific argument and backing up the content with reliable sources. Finally, the conclusion offers closure to the essay, summarizing the key points that have been discussed in the development and reaffirming the thesis presented in the introduction. By following these three parts of an essay, students will be able to organize their ideas effectively and present arguments clearly and persuasively.

How to do an essay step by step

Once we know what is an essay, its structure and the types of essays that exist, we only have to solve one question: how to write an essay. The first step will be to select a topic that is relevant and of interest to you, making sure that it is suitable for the type of essay you need to write. Once you know the topic to write about, you will have to research it thoroughly and look for reliable sources. Before you start writing, it’s also important to organize your ideas logically and coherently, creating an outline that helps you visualize the structure of the essay.

After choosing the topic, researching it, and structuring the ideas you want to cover in your essay, you can start writing it. To do this, you’ll need to make sure that you follow the structure mentioned above and develop strong, evidence-backed arguments, using quotes, examples, and relevant data. To conclude, close the essay by reaffirming your thesis and summarizing the main points discussed in the development. Finally, remember to check the text for grammatical, stylistic, or content errors, making sure it meets the established requirements.

Essays are an essential tool for acquiring knowledge and passing evaluations in higher education, such as the Master in Applied Research in Design. This specialisation programme in applied research from design and communication allows access to Elisava’s doctoral programme, linked to different areas of knowledge. In addition, it generates a value proposition through the design methodology and trains researchers with the academic and professional skills necessary to carry out global design projects and strategies, carry out analyses and reflect on the practice of design itself.

Now that you have some notions about how to write an essay, it may be useful to know how to make a bibliography so that you can reference the sources consulted during the writing process.