How to make a webgraphy?

03 Oct 2023

For years now, the concept of webgraphy has become an extension of what we traditionally understand as bibliography. Nowadays, in addition to citing books or documents on paper, we use digital references to prepare most academic papers or articles. Therefore, in today’s post, we review what it is and how to make a webgraphy.

Bibliography and webgraphy

Whether in undergraduate studies, such as the Undergraduate Degree in Design and Innovation or the Undergraduate Degree in Industrial Design Engineering, in Masters and Postgraduate studies or in any other academic field, the webgraphy makes it possible to identify the digital sources of information consulted in any academic or research work.

As we told you in the post on how to make a bibliography, an academic paper must be well documented and, for this, it is necessary to resort to existing information in books, scientific articles and even websites. In this regard, it should be noted that all the sources consulted for a paper must be cited in it.

It is important to remember that the absence or poor preparation of a webgraphy and bibliography can lead to part of the work being considered plagiarism. Therefore, although it is often not given the necessary importance, the correct preparation of a bibliography and webgraphy is essential to ensure success when presenting any academic paper.

What is a webgraphy?

A webgraphy is a list, in the form of a bibliography, of electronic resources such as web pages, blogs, forums and other Internet websites. Therefore, although they are clearly different from a bibliography, there is some debate as to whether they should be considered as a single unit or as two distinct sections within an academic paper. There is also some disagreement about how to make a webgraphy. Here is some of the most common advice on how to cite web pages, blogs, wikis or even social media comments.

How to make a webgraphy?

As mentioned above, although web references have been used for years, there is no fully standardised system of presentation or construction on how to make a webgraphy. It is usually placed at the end of the work, after the bibliography and numbered. In addition, the way webgraphies are structured is based on more formal presentation standards such as APA or Vancouver.

Example of a webgraphy

Thus, according to the APA standards, the correct way to cite a web resource would be as follows:

Author if known (year). Title of the resource in italics [Online]. Retrieved from: full URL path. [Accessed on dd/mm/yy]. An example would be: Elisava. (2021). TFM: What is it and how should it be done?. Retrieved 31 June 2021.

Thus, there are several recognised formats for web citations. However, the aim of all of them is the same: the standardisation of the use of the resource. It should be noted that the choice of one format or another will depend mainly on the type of work.

Finally, you can find more examples of webgraphies and information on how to cite a website using the APA style. Remember that, if you have any doubts, you can also go to our library, either in person or by clicking on the link.